University of Lleida / HistoryDownload pdf
A University founded over 700 years ago
The University of Lleida has its roots in the Estudi General de Lleida, which was created in 1300 by virtue of a charter granted to the city of Lleida by King Jaume II of Aragon. He based his decision on a papal bull issued in Rome on 1st April 1297, by Pope Boniface VIII.
With the birth of the Estudi General, a university neighbourhood grew up in Lleida with students arriving from all over the Kingdom of Aragon and many other regions. As happens nowadays, this breathed new life into the city. However, the students and professors formed a community with special privileges and immunities. The parish church of Saint Martin became established as the university’s venue for solemn ceremonies, and it received financial backing from the municipality and the Cathedral Chapter.
Despite the flourishing times that the University of Lleida experienced until the first half of the 16th century, its situation became more complicated with growing competition from the new universities that were being created in other territories in the kingdom.
The schools of the Estudi General de Lleida managed to maintain the prestige they had acquired over time despite the Estudi having lost the exclusivity and hegemony bestowed on it through its privileged foundation charter.
From the second half of the 17th century, a period of decadence began that would continue until the reign of Philip V in the 18th century. After the War of the Spanish Succession, the Bourbon reformers decided to create a new university model in Catalonia. The small town of Cervera, some 70 kilometres east of Lleida was chosen as the location for a new university to thank the town for its support to Philip V, who Lleida and Barcelona had opposed from the outset of the war. The new unified university was founded on 11th May 1717 and after 417 years in existence a Royal Decree of 9th October ordered the close of the old Estudi General of Lleida along with other Catalan universities. This was accompanied by severe political repression that resulted in Catalonia losing its original institutions. Thus ended the first stage in the life of the Catalan university system, which had enjoyed uninterrupted academic activity over a long period of history
The creation of a teacher training school in 1841 was the first step towards the foundation of the present University of Lleida. However, it was not until 1968 that university studies in Lleida were effectively re-established and consolidated as extensions to various universities in Barcelona: Law was introduced in 1968, Agricultural Engineering in 1972, Arts and Philosophy in 1975, and Medicine in 1977.
On 12th December 1991, the Catalan Parliament passed an act for the creation of the University of Lleida. The new institution brought together all the university courses taught in Lleida under the direction of Víctor Siurana Zaragoza. The foundation of the University of Lleida was concluded with the approval by the University Senate of the Statutes of the University of Lleida on 27th October 1994. The Statues established the definitive governing bodies of the UdL and Jaume Porta Casanellas was elected as rector. Since then, the UdL has increased the number of degrees on offer and it has been committed to constant innovation, the permanent improvement of the quality of teaching, research, management at the service of society, and to the professional training and personal development of students.
The 700th anniversary of the creation of the Estudi General was commemorated by an extensive programme of academic and cultural events between 1997 and 2000. This landmark occasion reflected the growing prestige of the University of Lleida. The events were attended by the highest authorities from political, economic and social circles, as well as leading personalities. All this has helped to create an atmosphere of self-confidence and has enhanced the image of the University of Lleida on the international stage.
They have been rectors, of the 1993 to 2003, the Dr. Jaume Porta Casanellas; of 2003 to 2011, the Dr. Joan Viñas Salas, and of 2011 until the actuality, the Dr. Roberto Fernández Díaz.
The University of Lleida has awarded honorary degrees to leading personalities such as Javier Pérez de Cuellar, Roc Pifarré, Joan Oró, Peter Ulmer, Marc Richelle, Eliane Vogel-Polsky, John Elliot, Alícia de Larrocha, Václav Havel, Jordi Solé Tura, Stanley M. Goldberg or Theodore H. Hsiao.
La Universitat de Lleida, història i present (Publicacions de la UdL)
De l’Estudi General a la Universitat de Lleida, 700 anys d’història (Publicacions de la UdL)
Llibre de les Constitucions i Estatuts de l’Estudi General de Lleida (Publicacions de la UdL)
Privilegi fundacional de l’Estudi General de Lleida atorgat pel rei Jaume II l’1 de setembre de 1300 (Arxiu Municipal de Lleida)